Therapy involves meeting with a therapist to resolve a range of issues that might include problematic behaviours, beliefs, feelings or relationship issues. This involves collaborative treatment in a supportive environment between a person or group and a neutral, non-judgmental and qualified mental health professional. This professional might be a psychologist, counsellor or psychiatrist.
There are many different approaches to psychotherapy, including:
Another type of psychotherapy is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). CBT has become an effective mainstream psychosocial treatment option for people struggling with a number of problems. It was formed in the 1960s by a psychiatrist, Aaron Beck, by integrating cognitive therapy techniques with behavioural approaches.
CBT is a short term psychotherapy taking five to ten months for most emotional problems. Clients attend one session per week, each session lasting approximately 50 minutes. CBT is aimed at changing patterns of thinking or behaviour that are the causes of people’s problems, and so change the way they feel. CBT works by focusing on and changing the thoughts, images, beliefs and opinions that an individual holds onto i.e. a person’s cognitive processes. These processes are then examined to reveal how they relate to the way a person behaves. CBT shows clients a set of principles which they can use anytime they need them and which last them a lifetime.
CBT involves many effective practices and perspectives that can positively change how individual views themselves and the world. CBT can help an individual become more positive with regards to behaving and thinking about the past, present and future. CBT has all sorts of tools for helping clients and has been proven to benefit several different mental health and physical problems, including anxiety, obsessive-compulsive tendencies, stress-related disorders, depression and many more.
If you are thinking of receiving therapy, have a look for yourself at which one you feel might suit you best. Consult your GP for further advice.
Written by Alannagh Kelly, Assistant Psychologist